In 2019, Black folks made up about 12.1% of the U.S. workforce, however their illustration in 10 well being professions studied ranged from 3.3% for bodily therapists to 11.4% for respiratory therapists.
“Our findings suggest that Black, Latino and other people of color have been left behind when it comes to the health professions,” stated lead writer Edward Salsberg, co-director of the Health Workforce Diversity Tracker challenge at George Washington University’s Fitzhugh Mullan Institute for Health Workforce Equity in Washington, D.C. He spoke in a college information launch.
In the ten professions — which included medical doctors, nurses and pharmacists — the range index for Black folks was 0.54. A variety index of 1 means the range of the general workforce and that within the career are equal.
In 5 of the ten well being professions, the illustration of Black employees amongst new graduates was lower than in apply, suggesting that their illustration in these professions could also be even decrease sooner or later.
In 2019, Hispanic folks accounted for 18.2% of the U.S. workforce, however their illustration within the well being professions ranged from 3.4% for bodily therapists to 10.8% for respiratory therapists, leading to a variety index of 0.34.
Native American folks accounted for 0.6% of the general U.S. workforce in 2019, however their illustration among the many 10 professions ranged from a low of zero to a excessive of 0.9%, for a variety index of 0.54.
The findings had been revealed on-line March 31 within the journal JAMA Network Open.
The researchers stated their findings are vital as a result of minority well being professionals are key to efforts to cut back the disproportionate burden of illnesses, together with COVID-19, amongst communities of colour.
“By building a more diverse health workforce, the United States would improve access and improve outcomes in underserved communities and for high-need populations,” examine co-author Toyese Oyeyemi stated within the launch.
Co-author Maria Portela stated the findings present that well being workforce roles that require post-graduate coaching endure from a big underrepresentation of minorities that lags behind their illustration within the normal inhabitants.
“This trend is unlikely to change unless we devote attention and resources to fix it,” she stated.
Oyeyemi and Portela are co-directors of the Diversity Tracker challenge on the Mullan Institute.
The RAND Corporation has extra on variety within the U.S. health care system.
SOURCE: George Washington University, information launch, March 31, 2021